Saturday, February 9, 2019

Day- 9 William Henry Cling - Did He Invent the Hospital Bed Before Gatch?

William Henry Cling - 1866 - 1937

Now, before I start this, I want to be clear about something...I did not come here to throw shade.

I came to talk about a barber.

William Henry Cling was born in Charleston, SC right after the Civil War ended. He worked as a barber up until his death of a stroke in 1937.

The thing about this barber is he was also an inventor. 

I could find nothing about whether he was the sort of fellow who got home and spent all of his evenings tinkering but he seems to have been one of those self-taught mechanical engineers.

What Did He Invent?

Cling invented a couple of things that one might expect of a barber.
Clings Shoe String

Our barber also patented improvements to something called a Coat Lapel and Collar Regulator. This is a little gizmo that goes into the lining of men's coats that makes the lapel and collar fall properly on the body.

I kind of expected that sort of thing from a man who spent his life styling gentlemen. His other extracurricular activities, however, roamed far afield.

A Mechanical Man

William Henry Cling patented improvements to railroad safety. His device helped prevent head on and rear end collisions for trains traveling on the same track. 

I found some breadcrumbs that suggest this device was actually created and used on the railroads. It has an international patent at this point. 

Now, ask me if I can find any information about Cling being cited for having invented it or anybody actually using it in any literature that pertains to the railroads.

Answer: I can't. 

Possibly I don't know how to search for this information. Possibly it is in obscure books about little-known inventors who contributed something to locomotive travel? Possibly nobody cared about this and it was never used? Possibly it didn't work?

If anybody out there knows, I would be happy to learn more about this.

He also patented a mechanical device that could be used to keep track of the number of people entering or leaving a place like a fair or an amusement event. It was handheld,  you clicked it and it kept a record of whatever you were counting. Did somebody pick up this patent considering the number of mechanical tally keepers we have today?

Answer: I have no idea. 

The Gatch Bed

Then, there was the big one. 

William Henry Cling designed and began the process of patenting an adjustable bed in 1908. This was to help bedridden people. His idea was that they wouldn't be stuck lying prone all of the time. They could not only sit up, but their legs could also be adjusted.  

There was an adjustable bed on the market in 1874, but only the top half could be adjusted. Cling designed and patented a bed that could be raised or lowered at both ends.  His patent was awarded in 1909.

The Gatch Bed

Turns out that in 1909, the same year Cling's patent was awarded, Willis Drew Gatch, a doctor of great renown, developed what looks like the same thing. Today, we call it The Gatch Bed.

Now, I am not saying that this doctor who did pioneering work in the field of Anesthesiology might not have designed this bed.


I do note that Gatch didn't design anything else mechanical, and there is nothing I could find that says anything other than he designed it.

All I'm trying to say is that if you look at the design of Cling's bed, and you look at the Gatch Bed, they look suspiciously similar.

I am certain there is a perfectly good explanation about how Drew ended up designing a bed like Cling's in the same year it appeared in the patent office. 

Convergent Inventing? It isn't like that hasn't happened before.

Anyway, I give you William Henry Cling.

An African American barber who invented some really cool stuff and doesn't seem to have been given credit for any of it.

Celebrate Black History Month!

Day 1 - The ABC's of Black History Month
Day 6 - Ernest Everett Just - Biologist, Zoologist, Cell man
Day 7 - Frederick McKinley Jones - The Coolest Man in Modern History
Day 8 - Sarah Goode - A Practical Bed For Small Spaces
Day 9 - William Henry Cling - Did He Invent The Hospital Bed Before Gatch?
Day 10 - Inez Beverly Prosser and Brown V.S. The Board of Education
Day 11 - Jan Ernst Mateliger - Mechanical Engineer/Sole Man
Day 12 - Samuel L. Kountz Jr. - Revolutionized Transplant Surgery
Day 13 - Lewis Howard Latimer - Incandescent Inventor
Day 14 - Marie Van Brittan Brown - Home Security
Day 15 - Norbert Rillieux - Sugar Man
Day 16 - Otis Boykin - He Kept Hearts Beating
Day 17 - Alice H. Parker - Heating It Up!
Day 18 - Lloyd Quarterman - Chemist and Atom Man
Day 19 - Robert F. Flemming Jr. - Guitar Man
Day 20 - Charles S. L. Baker - The Friction Radiator 
Day 21 - Granville T. Woods - The Black Edison
Day 22 - Alfred L. Cralle - Next Time You Have Ice Cream...
Day 23 - Ellen Elgin - Through The Wringer
Day 24 - Dr. Daniel Hale Williams - Holding A Heart In the Palm of His Hands
Day 25 - Benjamin Bradley - Steam Engine Dominance
Day 26 - Elijah McCoy - The Real One
Day 27 - Alexander Miles - Hold The Door, Please!

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